Title: EVALUATION OF THERMAL COMFORT ONLINE SIMULATION TOOLS USAGE IN AN APPLIED GRADUATE COURSE THROUGH DISTANT EDUCATION PROCESS
Author: DİLAN YANAR
Advisor: ASSIST.PROF. (PhD) BELGİN TERİM ÇAVKA
With the Covid 19 pandemic, education has also experienced a mandatory transition to the distant education process. Compulsory distant education was held in a postgraduate course named Indoor Comfort Management via online education at İzmir Yaşar University in the spring semester of 2019-2020.
The subject of this course is the comfort parameters in the interior and how these parameters affect the user of the space. Since people spend most of their time indoors, it is very important to ensure the quality of the interiors. One of the environmental factors required to ensure quality indoors is thermal comfort. In order to examine the effects on people’s moods and how direct sunlight affects the adaptive thermal comfort of the user, simulations were made with online tools to evaluate thermal comfort within the scope of a postgraduate course called Indoor Comfort Management. The SolarCal and Comf Tool of CBE (Center for the Built Environment) online tools are used. Parameters written as inputs to simulations are dry-bulb air temperature (DBT), mean radiant temperature (MRT), air velocity (m / s), relative humidity (RH), metabolic rate (BMR), clothing insulation (clo).
This article aims to question the contribution of online simulation tools to education, used by design students to grasp aspects of adaptive thermal comfort. For this reason, the contribution of using online tools in distance education to education has been concluded with a questionnaire made to students. The use of these aforementioned online tools and formulas can enrich studies and draw conclusions in limited facilities, especially for architectural aspects and engineering. This article aims to question the applicability of the method used by design students to grasp aspects of adaptive thermal comfort – the combination of online simulation tools and adaptive thermal comfort typical survey results. A questionnaire was conducted for the students who simulated thermal comfort with online tools to evaluate this experience and the contribution of tools to education. The results of the survey will be analyzed and shared to ensure the applicability of such a methodology in similar learning environments for easy understanding of the various adaptive thermal comfort indices at the same time.
Keywords: Thermal comfort, distant education, online tools, SolarCal, Comf tool of CBE
Title: BATHROOM DESIGN IN EARLY MODERN PERIOD: BATHROOM DESIGN ANALYSIS WITH THE CONTEXT OF FALLINGWATER AND VILLA SAVOYE
Author: MERVE DURUSOY
Advisor: ASSIST.PROF. (PhD) ECEHAN ÖZMEHMET
The need for shelter, which is one of the basic needs of human beings in the most common definitions, requires special design for many different requirements and needs of human beings. Although we include many different areas belonging to our habital requirements and needs in our living spaces in today’s conditions, one of the most basic functions in living spaces is wet spaces and especially bathrooms.
Bathrooms are one of the necessary places where we meet our cleaning and hygiene needs with our homes, associated with having a pleasant time, and even being designed as living spaces today. In the architectural design process, wet areas are not the starting point of the design, but they are the spaces that should be considered and specially designed not only in living spaces but also in every point where architectural design is located. Bathrooms, one of the indispensable spaces of our homes now, have become we are accustomed to and used today, is the result of a certain historical process. This study aims to examine the evolution of the modern bathroom and touch upon the early times of its becoming a part of our homes. The bathrooms of Frank Lloyd Wright’s famous Fallingwater main house, built during this period, is selected and the material and design approach used is examined. The other selected building is Le Corbusier’s Villa Savoy and the bathrooms of this
well known building.
Keywords: bathroom, Fallingwater House bathrooms, Villa Savoye bathrooms, bathroom design
Title: WATER AS A DESIGN ELEMENT: EVALUATING THE RELATIONSHIP OF WATER AND WELLBEING IN RESIDENTIAL INTERIORS
Author: MOHAMED TAHA MEJBAR
Advisor: ASSIST. PROF. (PhD) ÇİĞDEM ÇETİN
This project aims to study the purpose of using water in interior architecture and evaluate how it affects the well-being of the space user. Water provides many advantages in interiors both in physical and psychological manners. Thanks to natural ventilation, passive cooling, recovery of free heat inputs, and thermal inertia, these attributes provide a sense of comfort and relaxation when water is used in the interior
to the occupant. Water is also an essential element of our creativity, as much in mythology as in the arts, literature, and architecture. This research puts several examples of how water is used in interiors specifically, and generally in an architectural context and also in the perspective of what water presented to the society through history. Water has also been analyzed in a way of how it can affect the operator’s mindset and feeling in order to better understand its perception of use. To have a methodological construction, this study includes 5 research that focuses on combining the psychological human side when water is used indoors and outdoors. Water utilizes the senses to make the brain drift and escape, adding relaxing, continuous, ambient sounds which can better enhance the psychological wellbeing of the resident. Hearing and seeing the dripping water is soothing, calming, and captivating. Its comforting ambiance habitually augments the serenity of the mind. I expect through this research that when a water element is used, its attributes and characteristics are more attractive, comforting, and soothe more the occupants.
Keywords: use of water, symbolize of water, interior, biophilia, soundscape wellbeing
Title: MR AND X-RAY DEVICE ROOM DESIGN FOR CHILDREN IN HOSPITALS
Author: GAMZE NAZİK
Advisor: ASSIST. PROF. (PhD) ÇİĞDEM ÇETİN
First of all, in this study, the designs of MR and x-ray device rooms in hospitals for children with claustrophobia were examined. As an example, by examining hospitals in 2 different foreign countries (Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital Stanford, Presbyterian Morgan Stanley Children’s Hospital in New York). The reason for this research is that the interior design changes the level of perception and inspires children
with this phobia to minimize their anxiety and fear levels.
Keywords: children’s hospitals, claustrophobia, Mr Rooms.
Title: COWORKING SPACE IN HISTORICAL BUILDINGS FOR START-UP BUSINESSES
Author: FATIMA MUSA WAZIRI
Advisor: ASSIST. PROF. (PhD) NAĞME EBRU AYDENİZ
Cantell, (2005). Defines adaptive reuse as an act of introducing a new function into a building. Burra Charter, (1999). States that adaptation is changing a space to suit the current or proposed use. It also stated that such modifications should be permitted only if they have a limited effect on the cultural importance of the place. Instead of being exposed to demolition as part of a wider revitalization plan to encourage preservation within the construction industry, several buildings of historical and cultural value are being converted and reused. (Ball, 1999; Wilkinson and Reed, 2008).
There is now a move away from restricting heritage value to prominent structures that monumentally value. Buildings of vernacular origins are also seen to have heritage significance too. (Hamer, 2000). Architectural, artistic, historical, and social values are also preserved through adaptive reuse. (Latham, 2009). Adaptive reuse in historic structures, it not only retains the building but retains the original architects’ commitment, expertise and devotion. (Love and Bullen, 2009).
This research aims to examine how coworking spaces with minimal intervention adapt in buildings with historical value, and how coworking spaces safeguard the heritage and identity of these buildings for the future. Interior space analysis of 4 selected case study was performed as well as architectural conservation guidelines for new designs in historic context and literature review were investigated together. Seeking to determine the advantages and problems existing among the two. Pictorial analysis of before and after the intervention was carried out on different existing projects. The changes in the spatial relationship between the old and new function will be checked of useable office space that start-up businesses use.
Keywords: Conservation, coworking, startup business, adaptive reuse, international text, building identity, interventions.
Title: ANALYZING ‘INTERIORITY’ OF URBAN COURTYARD: THE CASE OF SQUARE WAZIR KHAN AS URBAN COURTYARD, LAHORE
Author: AAKİF NAVEED SADİQ
Advisor: ASSIST. PROF. (PhD) ECEHAN ÖZMEHMET
Urban courtyard are part public spaces which are usually open and accessible for all people. These spaces can also be meeting spaces for public. The main characteristic of urban courtyards are accessibility and usability for all citizens. Therefore, urban courtyards are enclosed open spaces in town and cities which are normally surrounded the by walls or any built environment. These courtyards serve as common space for physical, social and cultural activities. Today the increasing relation between the conception of “public” and “interior” illustrates the dynamic connection between urban and interior. So the first part of this paper will be more focused to establish the definition of the urban interior with the help of literature review. It was observed that urban interiors is spatial and social composition of interior and exterior and redefining the connection in between people and their urban environment. So urban interior are considered beyond then physical boundaries of interior. Further this study also presents the typologies of urban public courtyards which are considered to be part of urban interiors on the basis of sense of interiority. The second part of this study is more focused to examine the interiority of urban courtyards with the help of urban interior space quality parameters. For this purpose, a case study of public “Square Wazir Khan” which was converted into urban courtyard after renovation was analyzed in detail through space quality parameters
Keywords: public interior. urban interior, urban courtyard, interiority of urban courtyard, urban interior space quality parameters, Square Wazir Khan.
Title: THE EFFECTS OF INTERIOR DESIGN ELEMENTS FOR CONSTRUCTING A SENSE OF BELONGING FOR REFUGEES
Author: MOHAMMAD UMAIR KHAN
Advisor: ASSOC.PROF.(PhD) GÜLNUR BALLİCE
Every year the number of displaced people is increasing due to conflict and dispute, as a result,millions are displaced physically and mentally. The concept of displacement can be understood as being out of place; therefore, it is essential to understand the role of place. A sense of belonging is present in every human and is vital for physiological and psychological wellbeing; however, being out of place can result in a loss of sense of belonging.
This study examines the sense of belonging about the sense of place and refugees, through studying examples of approaches that are employed in the form of standardized (prefabricated systems) and non-standardized (tents) shelters. Selected examples when evaluated according to parameters defined by examining the sense of place in terms of the physical setting, safety and meaning indicate that sense of belonging strongly relates to the sense of place.
Identity crises which is one of the major problems of being a refugee can be reduced by incorporating a holistic approach towards interiors of shelter design. Standardized shelters are superior in material strength and durability, however, they lack in providing an opportunity to
refugees to personalize space, whereas, non-standardized shelters engage refugees and create activity, as a result sense of ownership is established. Although, privacy and security can be achieved in both approaches, providing refugees with a meaning in the form of active
participation in shelter design and construction can create a strong sense of place. Therefore, it can be deduced, to construct a sense of belonging in refugees, it is critical to create an active sense of place by the help of interior design elements.
Keywords: sense of belonging, refugees, sense of place, identity, interior design elements.
Title: THE COMPARATIVE SPATIAL ANALYSIS OF FOLKART RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN IZMIR: FOLKART LIFE AND FOLKART TIME
Author: JUNAID UR RAHMAN
Advisor: ASSIST. PROF. (PhD) MELTEM ERANIL DEMIRLİ
Residential units are part of built urban context. Buildings have influences on their residents and surrounding. In return, residents give response to the environments through their senses. This study aims to research on this mutual relationship between residents and their environments, but also investigates how high-rise buildings effect on their residents and outside environment. In detail; activities in the physical setting of environment, relation of the buildings with pedestrian, relation of the inner environment with outer environment and relation of space and place are going to be evaluated throughout the paper.
As a breaking point in urban transformation in Bayrakli in 2000s, we can see its gradual reflection upon the city’s other zones. Bornova is also in another region, which is changed by rapid constructions of high-rise buildings.
In this regard, we try to find a way that how high-rise buildings differ from each other, though they take place in the same region. So, two projects of the same construction company with the name of “Folkart Life” and “Folkart Time” in Bornova region are considered, to have a comparative spatial analysis of both buildings with each other. Through the help of this research, new projects design will consider human agency in design process.
Key Words: residential environments, high-rise buildings, residents, urban transformation, comparative analysis.
Title: EVALUATING THE QUALITY OF CHILD DAILY CARE AREAS IN HOSPITALS IN TERMS OF HEALING ENVIRONMENT
Author: BERNA KOÇ
Advisor: ASSIST. PROF. (PhD) ÇİĞDEM ÇETİN
In recent years, significant changes and innovative approaches have been observed in the planning of health facilities worldwide. As a consequence of the studies carried out to redefine the design criteria of health structures, the concept of healing design has been re-interpreted as a new concept. Healing hospitals as a branch of healing environments, are defined as facilities that make patients the main focus of health care in design and application process and allow them to be participated in these processes. Thus, as the basis of the healing hospital concept, patient-centered design concept has gained a great importance.
For acquiring various and reliable data for the healing design, another term, evidence based design is used as a significant term in healing environments. Researches, on the design approach aimed at improving the quality of health care, has contributed to the emergence of evidence-based design. Evidence-based design can be defined as making the most accurate design decisions with congruent by blending the information obtained from existing research and practice. This new concept aims to propose design criteria for healing environments aimed at developing construction quality standards and maintenance performance in clinics. Examples of evidence-based research prove that well-designed buildings have healing effects on patients.
Design as a problem solving process should aim to improve the quality of life for the people. Especially for the users in healing environments, the need of quality in interior becomes more significant. In order to improve the quality of healthcare interiors, it is essential to consider the needs, observations and experiences of user groups. In the designs which regards the user as a focal point, should respond to physical, sociological and psychological requirements of the patients to ensure an interior with high quality standards. The interior must be functional, reachable and easily accessed. In addition, aesthetic and safe hospitals should be designed to provide the patient entitlement and social support as well as supplying privacy and autonomy. In line with these quality criteria, hospitals should pay attention to areas that are also used by the public such as places to meet the personal care requirements of the patients, religious worship areas, internet access and charging stations, library, cafeteria, day care centers for the children of both patients and the visitors and multi-purpose sitting areas.
Based on these requirements, this study investigates the necessity of children day care facilities in hospitals within the scope of filling the gap in social fields. Outpatient treatment units of hospitals, intensely welcome the visitors all the time. Patients often spend a considerable amount of their day in hospitals for medical inspections and analysis. During this time, patients who cannot find anyone to take care of their children are forced to bring them to the hospital. The aim of this study was to detect the necessity of daily childcare centers with the terms of healing environments, evidence based design and patient centered design and also determine the spatial needs according to the criteria of quality in healthcare interiors. By doing so, awareness can be increased for these insufficient numbered areas.
On this purpose, in the first phase of the research, literature review of evidence based design, healing environments, patient centered design and quality parameters have been carried out. In order to evaluate the quality of interior, an internal spatial determinations have been conducted with the observation and photographing methods in one of the child daily care centers located in a hospital in Turkey. In order to get the experiences of the users, four interviews have been carried out with selected user groups such as two pediatricians, a psychiatrist and a specialist of child education to define the problem. For the purpose of supporting the data with the concrete examples, one sample from Turkey as a case study and two samples from abroad have been examined.
In conclusion, based on the results of literature reviews, similar case studies and interviews, it has been proven that daily childcare areas are needed in healthcare facilities for the children of outpatients and visitors, therefore, they must be included in the planning layout. During the design process, the parameters determined to increase spatial quality should be taken into account and interior spaces should be arranged according to these criteria.
Key Words : healing environment, patient-centered design, hospital quality, children day care areas
Title: VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND CONTROL STRATEGIES IN INTERIOR DESIGN
Author: ZEHRA YÜKSEL
Advisor: ASSIST. PROF. (PhD) İLKER KAHRAMAN
This research paper aims to investigate the chemical emissions affecting indoor air quality (IAQ), definition, species, sources and the effects of volatile organic compounds on human health and the Earth atmosphere and control strategies of these compounds indoors. In addition to this, in Turkey, the first sample green public building ‘Cezeri Green Technology Vocational and Technical High School’, has been analysed in terms of IAQ and ventilation systems in terms of the detection of volatile organic compounds indoor and measures taken against them.
In the measurement results made by the EPA National Emission Board, the annual emissions of pollutants in the environment are Sulphur dioxide (SO2) – 19.9 million metric tons (MT), Nitrogen Oxides (NOX) – 21.3 million MT, Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) – 21.2 million MT, Particulate Matter (PM) – 2.42 million MT and Carbon monoxide (CO) – 88.5 million MT. In addition, NOX and VOCs generate significant amounts of bad ozone (O3) with photochemical reactions and cause global warming. The polluted air that we are exposed to every day is not only in the outside environment but mostly in houses, offices, hospitals, hotels, schools and so on, and according to the statements made by the WHO, indoor spaces are 2 to 10 times more polluted. Indoor pollutants (microbiological contaminants such as O3, CO and CO2, gaseous cigarette smoke, radon and mold, dust, VOCs and other important air pollutants) penetrate the human body through respiration, digestion and skin. Virtually, the most dangerous group of these pollutants, VOCs, are the most common and most hazardous chemical pollutants indoors on health. These compounds are hydrocarbons with a high vapour pressure of up to 260°C at boiling temperature and low solubility in water. These VOCs are typically directly related to the building and design materials used in the interior and to the way people live. These VOCs exposed to the interior are associated with many serious diseases. The details of the detection and decontamination of VOCs indoors to remove all these effects are also included in this research article. In order to protect and improve both the world and human health, the green building regulations, relevant standards and green building rating systems in almost all developed countries address the requirements for IAQ. Improvement of IAQ is based on some basic control strategies. First, the selection and use of certified materials with low emissions of VOCs is the most effective source control application. In addition, the availability of the existing ventilation system and the duration of ventilation in the building helps to reduce indoor pollutants by means of more fresh air circulation. Finally, whether or not the selected green public building has all the above mentioned characteristics is surveyed in the paper.
Keywords: indoor air quality, indoor pollutants, VOCs, low VOCs or VOC free building materials and products, VOCs removal and destruction methods, impacts of VOCs.
Title: ANALYSIS OF DESIGN & CONCEPT RELATION IN FINE DINING RESTAURANTS, CASE STUDY: ALANCHA ALACATI
Author: SENAY BAĞADIR
Advisor: ASSIST. PROF. (PhD) ECEHAN ÖZMEHMET
In fine dining restaurant design, satisfaction should be most important purpose. In order to meet the needs of customers and employees for restaurants, the operating scheme, space organization, concept and design should be taken care. These considerations provide a satisfaction for customer and the back-side employees.
Categorically, all types of restaurants deal with the same design considerations which are lighting design, color design, sound and acoustic design, heating, cooling and ventilation design, material design, exterior space design, etc. However, fine-dining restaurants should provide better quality food, service, concept and ambience than other restaurant types. Thus, in this research project the subject matter is to understand “what is the importance of concept & design relation in fine-dining restaurant design?” The outcome will be valuable for restaurant management, interior architects, architects, architecture and interior design students. The fine dining restaurant design can be considered in different variation such as ambience, concept, complianced with the site, functional sequences, materials, furnitures and successful integration between them. Therefore, the aim of this study should serve the analysis of fine-dining restaurant design, design in concept approach and create a guideline for successful fine dining restaurant design. As a result, the analysis was carried out on the design in concept of the selected restaurant; Alancha Alacati which is located in Cesme region and contains „fine dining restaurant‟ considerations.
Keywords: fine dining restaurant, restaurant design, restaurant organization, concept in design, concept in architecture, Alancha Alacati
Title: EVALUATION OF INTERIOR DESIGN CRITERIA IN UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES: CASE STUDY ON UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES
Author: YAHAYA IDRİS ALİ
Advisor: ASSIST. PROF. (PhD) ECEHAN ÖZMEHMET
This research paper aim to analyse today’s libraries and its spatial spaces, performance, and its architecture to highlight the main factors that influence its design and to present some conceptual suggestion that will suit the planning of their interior spaces and the study will also aim to discover which attributes influence students spatial choice in today’s academic libraries looking into previous research analyses and data collected by previous researchers. However, encourages the new generation of library user, are erasing the modern days idea of reading books and research only in the library whereby, stereotypical image of the libraries of our childhood define silence ruled and judging between the values and important of the libraries to the users and the particular environment as a whole Considering both interiors and exteriors of some today’s libraries mention as a case from Europe. The library a chosen according to some criteria which include: Layout and space configuration, Colour, Furnishing, High Technology, lighting and illumination.
Keywords: user perception, university library, public space, interior design, and design concept
Title: ADAPTIVE REUSE OF ABANDONED RELIGIOUS BUILDINGS: REUSE TYPES AND VALUES
Author: FARİS KHALİD ELAMİN MOHAMMED
Advisor: ASSIST. PROF. (PhD) NAĞME EBRU AYDENİZ
Religious buildings generally represent a community’s common spiritual and cultural values, but the last few decades have brought many changes to the landscape of
religion in many different countries which dramatically changed the role of those religious buildings and led them to be abandoned and deteriorated or even demolished. Those changes are due to several reasons like the absence of their original owners or communities in the case of armed conflict between people of different religious affiliations, or in the case of displacement of communities and immigration, or even by being left to deteriorate and falling into ruin or by being appropriated for another purpose, and many different reasons which have been reviewed in this thesis. Today there are many religious buildings that are examples of these, and the adaptive reuse of those abandoned religious buildings generates many tangible and intangible values, since its becomes more and more important in a time when social, economic and demographic patterns of settlements are changing rapidly and concerns for the sustainability of buildings and resources are growing. Beside their fascinating architecture, abandoned religious buildings carry an inestimable cultural and heritage values. This dissertation investigates different re-use types of abandoned religious buildings from all around the world and assesses the suitability of new functions according to the values and architectural features of building.
Keywords: adaptive reuse, heritage conservation, abandoned religious buildings, reuse typologies, values of religious buildings